10 World's most unique island ecosystem

Many remote islands in the around the world have some unique fauna and flora in the world. Some species of plants and animals not found elsewhere and have evolved special. Because these islands provide a place shelter from the fierce competition faced by the species on the continent , the species will evolve to take advantage of the conditions they face. As a legacy of unique evolutionary history, this ecosystem is a natural treasure irreplaceable. Here is a list of 10 island ecosystems most unique in the world.

Komodo National Park

Mona Island is located in the middle of the Mona Passage and administratively Komodo National Park is a national park in Indonesia located in the Lesser Sunda Islands. Park includes three main islands of Komodo, Padar and Rincah, and 26 smaller ones. This park was originally established to preserve the unique Komodo dragon, the world's largest lizard. since then expanded conservation objectives to protect the diversity biodiversity, both marine and terrestrial. Komodo is the largest living reptile and can reach 3 feet or more in length and weighing more than 70 kg. Because of their size, these lizards dominate the ecosystems of the island where they live. Although Komodo dragons eat mostly carrion animals dead, they are formidable predators and will also hunt prey including birds, and mammals.

Mona Island

Mona Island is located in the middle of the Mona Passage and administratively is part of Puerto Rico. This is the largest of the three island located in the strait, the other is the Island and Monito Island Desecheo. The island was discovered by Columbus in 1493, during yg second trip to the New World. Mona Island has become a reserve natural uninhabited since 1919 and more than 50 years. because the unique topography and ecology then Mona, Desecheo and Monito has dubbed the "Galapagos Islands, Caribbean". Iguana Mona Yg found elsewhere in the world, is considered the most spectacular species in island. As the largest native herbivore derived from ecosystems this, they are very important to maintain a balance between climate and vegetation. The island is also home to many abandoned cave drawings by island residents in pre-Columbian.

Sir Bani Yas

Sir Bani Yas is the largest island of nature in the UAE. For two the last decade the island has been converted into a wildlife sanctuary by the by the ruler of United Arab Emirates, Sheikh Zayed. Millions of trees were planted and many animal species were introduced to the island, including deer, rheas, giraffes, and ostriches. The Arabian gazelle, antelope species, now already extinct in the wild, but Sir Bani Yas Island is home to more than 400 cattle that roam freely on the island.

Lord Howe Island

Lord Howe Island is a small island in the Tasman Sea, 600 kilometers (370 miles) east of the mainland. Australia Lord Howe Island is a outstanding example of an island ecosystem that developed from underwater volcanic activity, have a diversity of views rare flora and fauna. The high proportion of endemic species provide remarkable illustration of the process of independent evolution in the work. Nearly half of the native plants of this island merrupakan endemic. One of the most famous is Howea, which is a member palm genus known for its palm kentia and plants can be home decorator. Several million are exported every year which is
a major industry on the island other than tourism. Lord Howe Island a population of about 350 people. Only 400 tourists are allowed to visited the island at one time.

Mount Bosavi

Bosavi mountain is a volcano in the Southern Highlands Province of Papua New Guinea. An expedition in 2009 by a international team of scientists and television crews from the BBC has found more than 40 species, previously not known when they down into the crater of Mount Bosavi and explore the forest habitat virgin-filled life that has evolved in isolation since the volcano last erupted at around 200 000 years ago. Species found in this place are 16 species of frogs, at least three fish, various insects, spiders, bats and a rat giant, measuring 82 cm (32 inches) from nose to tail and weighing about 1.5 kg.

Ogasawara Islands

Ogasawara Islands is an archipelago comprising 30 islands subtropical and tropical, administratively part of Tokyo but is located about 1,000 kilometers (620 miles) south of the city. Until 1830, the Ogasawara Islands are uninhabited and are called "Muninjima" (meaning "uninhabited islands") which became the name, the Bonin Islands. Because they have been free from human activity until recently, the island ecosystems has been well maintained. archipelago Ogasawara sometimes referred to as the Eastern Galapagos. Currently there are approximately 2,300 people who live on the island of Chichijima and Hahajima, and about 17,000 tourists visit the islands each year, karene attracted by the island's unique ecosystem and the beauty of the sea.

Mount Roraima

A tepuiis a "table mountains" or mesas are found in the plains High Guyana in South America. Yg tepui highest (m/9094ft 2772) and The most famous is Mount Roraima. Because the mountain is really isolated from forest soil, nearly a third of the species of plant life on Roraima evolved there into a unique form in the highlands. Mount Roraima has been made ​​famous in 1912 when Sir Arthur Conan Doyle wrote fiction novel called The Lost World. he describe by a mountain climbing expedition to Roraima search for prehistoric plants and dinosaurs, it turns out they live isolated and unchanged for millions of years at the top of the mountain.

Christmas Island

Named in 1643 for the discovery day, Christmas Island is Australia in the Indian Ocean region. The island is located 2600 kilometers (1,600 miles) northwest of Perth. The city has a population of approximately 1400 inhabitants. Who are isolated geographically and history of human disturbance reply at least on the island led to a high endemic among the flora and fauna there. Species endemic to the island's most famous is probably the red crab. Although limited to a relatively small area, estimated that to date there are 120 million red crabs
can live on the island, making it the most abundant of 14 species land crabs on Christmas Island. The annual mass migration of crabs red into the sea to spawn has been called one of the wonders of the world nature and take place every year around November.


Socotra or Soqotra, an area off the coast of Yemen, is a small archipelago of four islands in the Indian Ocean. Largest island, Socotra is also called, has an area of ​​about 95% of the archipelago. The island is very secluded and is located about 240 kilometers (150 miles) eastern Horn of Africa and 380 km (240 miles) south of the Arabian Peninsula. Isolation of geological time in the islands of Socotra and the fierce heat andm
drought has contributed to create the ecosystem unique and amazing. Surveys have revealed that more than
one-third of the 800 or so plant species of Socotra found elsewhere.

Galapagos Islands

Galapagos Islands is a small island belonging to the volcanic island in Ecuador in the Pacific Ocean to the east. The islands are quite remote and isolated, located about 1000 km (620 miles) west South America. Galapagos Islands consist of 15 main islands, three islands and 107 smaller islands and rocks scattered around equator. Galapagos Islands famous Duni because ecosystems unique and islands that are a source of inspiration for the theory of natural selection by Charles Darwin. Giant tortoises, sea lions, penguins, marine iguanas and different bird species can all be seen and approached. Strict control of tourist access are maintained in order to protect natural habitats. The islands currently receive an average of 60,000 visitors per year.
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